Barnawartha is a rural township on the Melbourne to Sydney road (Hume Highway) where it is crossed by the Indigo Creek. It is 20 km west of Wodonga in north-eastern Victoria.
In 1837 a pastoral run along much of the Indigo Creek was taken up and given a name similar to Barnawartha. It is thought that the name is derived from an Aboriginal word, variously recorded as meaning tall rushes, parting of the storms or deaf and dumb.
A settlement formed and was known for a short time as Indigo Crossing until replaced by the present name during the 1840s.