Trawalla is a rural district on the Western Highway, 35 km west of Ballarat and 8 km west of Beaufort. In 1838 immigrant pastoralists from Scotland took up the Trawalla pastoral run, apparently taking the name from an Aboriginal expression describing flood waters or heavy rain.
There was limited free settler farm selections around Trawalla, and the pastoral holdings survived as large estates until after World War I. There was also gold mining in some of the gullies west of the Trawalla village which had a hotel and a post office (1864). The Trawalla school opened in 1872.