Calivil is a rural locality about 60 km north-east of Bendigo. It was one of a number of farm localities established in the Loddon district during the 1860s and 1870s. Calivil is situated neither on a railway nor a road of any importance, but it has grown by being equidistant between the Waranga Western and Pyramid No 1 water channels. Calivil is extensively patterned with water channels in almost all its surrounds.
The place name is thought to have come from an Aboriginal word meaning musk duck.